Diverticulitis

Diverticula are bulging sacs or small blisters that appear in the lining of your large intestine, or colon. This condition is called diverticulosis when the sacs first appear but aren’t yet inflamed or infected. When these sacs get acutely infected or inflamed, it’s...

Appendicitis

Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a pouch-shaped organ connected to the large intestine. If you don’t get treatment for it, the appendix can rupture, which can be life-threatening. When there’s an obstruction in the appendix, bacteria can multiply...

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects the large intestine (colon). Irritable bowel syndrome commonly causes cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhoea and constipation. IBS is a chronic condition that you will need to manage long...

Peptic Ulcers

Peptic ulcers are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower oesophagus, or small intestine. The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is burning abdominal pain that extends from the navel to the chest. Untreated ulcers can become worse over time and lead...

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which the stomach contents leak backwards from the stomach into the oesophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This can irritate the oesophagus and cause heartburn and other symptoms. Causes When you...

Thyroid Swelling (Goitre)

A goitre is an enlarged thyroid gland. Some people with a goitre may have an underactive or overactive thyroid. This means that they make too much or too little thyroid hormone. However, there are various types and causes of goitre and treatment depends on the cause....